retributive justice

Beyond Reasonable Doubt

For nearly 300 years following its founding until 1909, Virginia’s capital punishment preference was hanging. Up to 1918, another 90 individuals were dispatched by lynching, sometime characterized by the euphemistic term “extra-judicial” procedure. In a race to lead, Virginia has… Read More ›

Outlaws, Felons, Justice

On March 25, 2019, Gov. Ralph Northam vetoed a bill that would have barred former felons from receiving certification as notaries public. In his veto message, the governor concluded, Permanently prohibiting a person from exercising a civil right without a… Read More ›